Applied research is research that is applied, accessing and using some part of the research communities' (the academy's) accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state, commercial, or client driven purpose. Applied research is often opposed to pure research in debates about research ideals, programs, and projects.
Although it is impossible to generalize completely, Applied Research deals with practical problems and is generally empirical. Because applied research resides in the messy real world, strict research protocols must often be relaxed. For example, it may be impossible to use a random sample. Thus, transparency in the methodology is critical. Implications for interpretation of results brought about by relaxing a more or less strict cannon of methodology should also be developed.
The OECD's Frascati Manual defines "Applied research" as one of the three forms of research, along with basic research & experimental development.
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